The bone porcelains, especially those of Spode, Minton, Davenport and Coalport, eventually established the standards for soft-paste porcelain which were later after maintained widely. More have been discovered since and are occasionally published by the Spode Society in their publication 'The Review'. These take the form of a letter over two numbers, for example J over 33, which would give you a date of January It was this formula that made the Spode name famous across the globe. After successes working for many of the best potters in the Stoke-on-Trent area, including Thomas Whieldon, Josiah I set up his own small pottery factory in and in established the Spode pottery company. This was an important year for the Spode company as it marked the bicentenary of the founding of the company by Josiah Spode I. By the date letters were the same for bone china, fine stone and earthenware starting at A as follows: The design contains little idiosyncrasies that have evolved over time and make for a fascinating element to this stunning collection. By the end of the s Spode I, and his son Josiah Spode II, had brought the company to the forefront of the British ceramic industry by this time firmly based in Staffordshire. The well-known Spode blue-and-white dinner services with engraved sporting scenes and Italian views were developed under Josiah Spode the younger, but continued to be reproduced into much later times. He then worked in a number of partnerships until he went into business for himself, renting a small potworks in the town of Stoke-on-Trent in ; in he completed the purchase of what became the current Spode factory. About Spode Blue Italian The Portmeirion Group has brought a significant amount of the manufacture of this range back to England with thousands of Blue Italian pieces now being made at our factory in Stoke-on-Trent.
Copeland was used; again often in conjunction with the Spode name. The manufacture of many items has been brought back to our factory in Stoke-on-Trent which has been producing high quality ware for the Portmeirion brand for 50 years. One of the marks in the early s was an elegant handpainted Spode in script — sometimes in upper case and sometimes in lowercase; usually neat and nearly always in red. Learning about styles and shapes can also help date pieces, particularly on the older pieces from the early s when many were not marked. It remained an industrial secret for some time. Perfecting the underglaze blue printed ware, for which the company was famous; and, later, inventing their beautiful pure white, translucent bone china, this father and son team established Spode as a brand which endures. In response to this, Josiah I developed the technique of transfer printing designs engraved on copper plates in Thomas Minton, another Caughley-trained engraver, also supplied copper plates to Spode until he opened his own factory in Stoke-on-Trent in The processes for underglaze and overglaze decoration were very different. When Spode employed the skilled engraver Thomas Lucas and printer James Richard, both of the Caughley factory, in he was able to introduce high quality blue printed earthenware to the market. More have been discovered since and are occasionally published by the Spode Society in their publication The Review. The colour paste was worked into the cut areas of the copper plate and wiped from the uncut surfaces, and then printed by passing through rollers. There are several reasons for this: From the Sutherland-Hawes Spode logo design was used exclusively, enduring to the closure of the factory in Dedicated to the local community, Josiah II built cottage homes for his factory workers in Penkhull, a village next to Stoke where he also built his home which he named The Mount. Painted marks are often in red and marks can also appear printed usually in blue or black, although other colours were used or impressed into the clay so appearing colourless. Start of the Spode business to From c — datemarks were not used except around the s when a series of impressed marks was used for which the full code is not known! Pieces were not always marked and sometimes just a pattern number appears and no Spode name at all. Spode also used on-glaze transfers for other wares. As a general dating guide it will help to know there are 4 distinct periods of ownership of the Spode company. This method involved the engraving of a design on a copper plate, which was then printed onto gummed tissue. This shrewd decision meant that Spode had direct information from their valued and wealthy customer base in London. The following gives the letter code for each month: They can look insignificant and be difficult to read but once you know what to look for then you can date a piece quite accurately. Here are some tips.
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